Scientist of the Faculty of Philosophy and Psychology conduct their research in various spheres. A completely new one – perinatal psychology – is now being developed at the Department of General and Social Psychology. The research is conducted under the supervision of Associate Professor Irina Zavgorodnyaya. The sphere of perinatal psychology is now becoming more and more popular, as there is a growing demand from society and the healthcare institutions for psychological support while preparing to become parents, overcoming the sterility problem, during the postpartum period, and psychological support for adults with perinatal development disorders.
The most important problem is studying the motivation for reproduction. The connection was studied between the motives for childbirth and the woman's personality and relationships with the husband. The motivation for reproduction at the first and second childbirth was studied with the following results: women awaiting their first child want the child to be independent, while women giving birth for the second time are motivated by the family interests, care and happiness.
Studying the students' responses, the researchers have found out that for young women the expected age for having the first child is 24.9, while for young men it is 27.3. The number of children they would like to have varies from one to three with young men saying they would like to have more children. At the same time, young women are expecting positive changes in their lives after the childbirth, while young men imagine their life to become more monotonous and boring after the baby's arrival. The results obtained can be used in education, consulting and psychological support for students as future parents.
The Department has developed a special methodology "Our views on pregnancy" that is aimed at determining the most important spheres of life for a pregnant woman – safety, health, the baby, relative, etc. The methodology is used during the screening diagnostics of pregnant women at healthcare institutions and allows for determining the key points of psychological work with the women during the pregnancy and the postpartum period. The results of the research are published in the monograph "Psychological crisis of pregnancy" by Irina Zavgorodnyaya, and are applied by psychologists working at women's health clinics and maternity hospitals of Voronezh and Voronezh Region.