2 April 1937 is the foundation date of the B.M. Kozo-Polyansky Botanical Garden of Voronezh State University. It is a research institution in the Central Black Earth Region that specialises in such spheres as the introduction of plants, finding and studying commercially valuable species, conservation and enrichment of the regional and world flora, and developing a scientific basis for the efficient use and conservation of plants.
The B.M. Kozo-Polyansky Botanical Garden houses one of the largest collections of live plants in the region. The 11-hectare dendrologic garden has over 700 species, varieties and samples from all over the world.
“Our botanical garden is a unique place. There is a wide variety of plants collected from around the world. We continue developing it, always enlarging our plant collection. We hope that it will soon delight all residents of the city with its unique flora,” said the director of the Botanical Garden Andrey Voronin.
Despite the lockdown regime, the Botanical Garden is ready for spring: saffron has blossomed, as have bluebell, corydalis, anemone, chionodoxa, adonis, gagea, viola, and European cornel. Among the gems of the garden there is a pedunculate oak tree, which is more than 200 years old, and a ginkgo biloba. The ginkgo is a relic plant, preserved since the Jurassic in Central China. A month earlier, the Rhododendron Ledebourii, an endemic of the Altai and Sayan mountains, which does not occur naturally in our region, began to blossom. Pasqueflowers bloomed before the expected date. These plants are listed in the Red Book. The botanical garden houses several pasqueflower species: Pulsatílla pratensis, Pulsatilla vulgaris, Pulsatilla rubra, Pulsatilla vernalis, Pulsatilla turczaninovii, Pulsatilla flavescens, Pulsatilla violacea.
“If we look at old phenological diaries, we can see that the blooming dates have shifted for many plant species. Even crocuses bloomed ahead of schedule! Now research fellows are working in shifts. We conduct phenological observations, tend plants, and plant seeds. Our research does not stop even during the quarantine! Inventory, analysis, and assessment of the taxonomic diversity of plans in the Garden’s collection are carried out remotely. After the quarantine, the long-awaited excursions, workshops, and work with volunteers will resume. We are going to resume our scientific expeditions to enlarge the botanical garden’s collection with new plant species,” noted a leading research fellow Lilia Lepeshkina.